A Short Great Korean Film
1903-1945: Korea Under Western Rule
1903 -- Initial public screening of a film in Korea.
1910 -- Korea can be formally annexed by The japanese.
1919 -- Initial film, a kinodrama (play with movie inserts) named Uirijeok Gutu.
1923 -- First silent film, Plighted Love Beneath the Moon described by Yun Baek-nam.
1926 -- Arirang by Na Un-Kyu.
1935 -- Initial sound film, Ch'unhyang-jon directed by
1937 -- Asia invades Chinese suppliers; the Korean film industry is
converted into a propaganda machine.
1945 -- Japan surrenders to the Allied Makes; Korea regains independence, but is quickly divided in two.
1949 -- Korea's first color film, The Women's Record by Hong Sung-gi. 1950 -- Conflict starts for the Korean Peninsula.
1953 -- Cease-fire agreement fixed at P'anmunjom.
1955-1969: A Golden Grow older for Korean Cinema
60 -- The Housemaid, aimed by
61 -- Obaltan, (pictured left) directed by
1961 -- The Houseguest and My personal Mother,
described by Tibia Sang-ok.
1973 -- Business of Korean language Motion Picture Advertising Corporation (KMPPC). 1974 -- Establishment of Korean Film Archive.
lates 1970s -- Armed service dictator Area Chung-Hee can be assassinated.
1980 -- Kwangju Massacre.
1981 -- Mandala, directed by Im or her Kwon-taek.
1988 -- Hollywood studios granted direct circulation
rights in Korea.
1992 -- Marriage Tale is the initially film manufactured by
a member of the chaebol.
1993 -- Democratically-elected government led by
Kim Young-sam succeeds military
1993 -- Sopyonje, directed by Im Kwon-taek.
1997 -- Opening of Seoul Cinema Complex in
99 -- Shiri, directed simply by Kang Jae-Gyu,
becomes best-selling film ever.
History of the Korean screen quota
-Introduced in 1966 but got effect in 1993
-In 1993 the Korean authorities allowed Hollywood films being distributed immediately by getting together with most of the needs of US-Korean film discussions that acquired taken place in 1985 and 1988.
-Given no governmental support, industry share of Korean videos amounted to only 15% at that time.
-Korean movie theaters were motivated to run their particular movies 146 days 12 months before 1993 but in reality many movies building were only running Korean films 6 days 12 months while Hollywood films had been run the rest of the year.
-After 1993 the " Display screen Quota Watchers" and the screen quota system keep track of the periods that Korean language films are played and enforce the laws that are in effect.
The Legal System
-Movie promotion law essential a display screen to run Korean films forty percent of the time or 146 times a year although after a number of regulations that lessened the quotas effect the number have been reduced to 106 times a year or 29. 4%.
Pressure through the US and the Screen Subgroup Conflict
-When the display screen quota was revived, there were consistent pressure from the US to get rid of the screen subgroup.
-In 1998 the tried to negotiate the putting your signature on of the LITTLE or Bilateral Investment Treaty. Washington require the decrease of the display quota, claiming that the TAD did not allow one region to implement the use of a countries own goods and services.
-At first Korea met america demands nevertheless after demonstration by the Korean film community and support by Korean language civic organizations as well as the open public, the Korean government withdrew its decision to cut the screen subgroup.
-The subgroup has been hard to keep mainly because it faces another crisis as the economy of Korea can be struggling and several economic officials feel that going back to the TAD and forex trading with the US on a large scale.
Censorship in Korean cinema.
In 1995 the formal govt censorship of films was ruled unconstitutional. The Multimedia Ratings Plank was created in order to classify motion pictures, videogames and other media. Motion pictures are classified according to what age they can be deemed appropriate for. There is a basic rating for a lot of audiences and ratings forever 12+, 15+, and 18+. This means...